Each gardener has his own secret in growing carrots. To get a good harvest of orange roots you need to follow certain rules. High-quality planting material, timely and properly prepared ridge, competent sowing of seeds at the right time give a good result when planting carrots in the spring in the open ground in the country and in Belarus, Ukraine, Siberia and the Moscow region.
Today, to grow carrots available in different varieties, the harvest of which in the garden can, if properly cared for and make dressing. What method of planting and cultivation can be chosen for a productive garden will be described below.
Proper planting and sowing carrot seeds in the ground in spring
Carrots are recommended to plant in the spring in two terms. The first term for the middle band April 20 to May 10. At this time, you need to sow early for summer consumption.
Second term - the end of May, the beginning of the month of June. In early summer, engaged in planting late varieties. Carrots with a growing season of 120-130 days by the end of September will be filled with juice, will ripen and will be ready for laying in the cellar.
What soil to choose for good yield
Preparing the soil so that the carrots can quickly climb and germinate is no less important than the correct time for planting. Good harvest is achieved by gardeners who know the structure and acidity of the soil in their summer cottage. High yields are obtained by sowing seeds on the soil. well dug and without stonesaccordingly, it is necessary to process it well.
To improve the structure make:
- Peat for loosening in clay soil.
- Organics are made in spring in sandy soil, and in the fall - in heavy loam.
- Sour soil every 5 years deoxidizedThis can be done by adding at least 30 g / m2 of lime.
- In the spring on a carrot ridge before digging make mineral fertilizers.
The table of optimum acidity for a different type of soil where it is necessary to follow the scheme accurately.
|Soil type||PH value|
During the summer season, harmful microorganisms, eggs and insect larvae accumulate in the soil. Every year, sow a vegetable in one place is impossible. A harvest of 100% will suffer from an onion fly.
Way out - crop rotation. Consider as good predecessors:
How and when to plant carrot seeds in open ground
Preparation for planting begin in advance. You can check the germination before planting, if you decide not to use the coated seeds, but the usual ones. The procedure is not complicated. A few seeds (20 pcs.) Plant in a flower pot.
If free time allows at the end of winter prepare landing strips, toilet paper and paste made from potato starch and flour are used.
Strip cut no wider than 1 cm. Their length should be equal to the width of the future ridge. Stick seeds with an interval of 3 cm. It is convenient to do this with a wooden toothpick or skewer.
Calculate the required number of tapes according to the formula: divide the length of the ridge by 30 and add 1. Here 30 is the distance between the rows.You can buy ready-made planting tape or make yourself
Ridge width of 1 m to cook after maturation of the soil. Signs of ready for planting arable layer - lumps of earth scattering. To mark the furrows across the ridge with a bar with an interval of 30 cm. Spill them with water and let stand. When the land settles, start sowing.
It is better to sprinkle the seeds not with earth, but with humus or a mixture of peat and sand. Friendly shoots are obtained if the depth of seeding is observed. 1-1.5 cm. Spring winds are not uncommon. To avoid blowing seeds, you can use a film cover. You can remove it after the first panicles appear.
Tip for gardeners who have a small area. When sowing use radishes as a plant seal. It has 3 times less vegetation period and, when panicle 5-7 cm, radish can be removed for food. When combined, the carrot is friendly with radish, garlic and lettuce.
Another recommendation that will facilitate the sowing of small carrot seeds. Those who sow carrots with dry seeds can use it. Crush chalk, mix with seeds. Seeds will become white, they will be clearly visible on the background of black earth, then you can plant according to technology.Carrot seeds in chalk crumb
Light green panicles crawl out into the light. in two weeks or a little later. If you want to speed up germination, you can use the advice of an experienced gardener.
It will take a small amount of vodka. Seeds need to soak it no more than 15 minutes. Rinse the seeds with running water and dry. Sow less often.
As soon as seedlings appear, the usual care of the ridge begins:
Weeding is needed throughout the summer. Weeds have no interruption, they grow on ridges from spring to autumn, they need to be thinned out.
Watering is a simple occupation, but it should be done by the rules. The plant does not like surface watering, it is better to water less often, but more abundant. Moderately moist soil at a depth of root growth is what a root crop needs.
Hilling spend at the end of summer, scrapping the roots sticking out of the ground. If this is not done, the top of the carrot becomes green, its taste deteriorates.
Many gardeners love to loosen the land between carrot rows. This gets rid of the peel, which appears after the next watering. The best option to keep moisture in the ground and prevent the formation of a crust - mulch.
Use as a humus mulch. Need a layer no thicker than 3 cm. A thicker layer provokes carrots on the growth of "horns".
Harvesting root crops is a responsible matter. It also has its own rules. So short roots pull out of the ground for the tops. Long carrot break in with a pitchfork. The tops are cut, stepping back from the root by 1 cm.Long carrots most conveniently podkapyvat fork
How to make thinning for good yields
Inexperienced gardeners do not know that carrots need to thin out. The result of this illiteracy is small carrots. Thinning is pulling thickly growing carrot sprouts.
Begin thinning when tops tighten up to 5 cm. Remove frail sprouts. A gap of 3-5 cm is left if varieties with short root crops grow on the ridge. For long roots of large diameter need to withstand 10 cm interval.
Excess sprouts are removed a second time when they are reached with tops. 10 cm. Work better in the evening, watering pre-ridge. Leave 6 cm spacing between sprouts. Thinning is carried out until mid-June.
In the autumn, the carrot harvest will be pleasing to the eye with orange splendor and it is easy to grow it, if simple rules are followed during planting and the necessary care will be provided behind the carrot ridge during the summer.