Every year, homeowners face numerous pests. Some of them occur periodically, but such insects can cause significant damage to the crop. Not every host knows what a dangerous parasite clicker beetle looks like, but its larva is familiar to all.
Adult insects almost do not harm the plants, but their females are characterized by fecundity, laying a large number of eggs, each of which replenishes the number of wireworms in the garden.
What does the beetle beetle look like
Mature individual reaches 1.75 mm. Its body is thickened, oblong. Above the wings are rigid plates, most often they can be distinguished point grooves. The surface of the plates gives a metallic sheen.
The color of beetles is different, determined by the subspecies of the insect itself. Some have uniform black or brown color. There are beetles that have a pattern on the front part of the back and on the overwing plates, consisting of multi-colored specks, stripes or patterns.
- The most common in Russia appearance of a nutcracker
- Red tropical view
In some places hairs and scales are found on the click body. The head, which occupies a third of the whole body, is slightly retracted into the front part of the back. It has two round eyes of small shape, a mustache, divided into eleven segments each. Wings are developed perfectly. There are six long legs, all - walking. Paws end claws.
The main feature of the beetle is a process that forms the middle and front parts of the chest. It is a peculiar jumping mechanismallowing the beetle to roll over if necessary.
As soon as the insect is turned upside down to the surface, it bends the front thoracic part, rests on the pronotum. This position of the scion leads to full readiness. Insect sharply bent in the opposite direction, the process rests on the elytra, throwing the body up. After rising into the air, the insect performs a flip, landing on the legs.
Clicking performs a leap higher than the parameters of its own body. two dozen times. Such insect stunts are not fun. Quite often the beetle in a similar way fights for its own life. Yes, and in a dense substrate, it is much easier for him to move.
At the stage of the larva or worm beetle has a caterpillar appearance. The long body is divided into thirteen segments, its shape is cylindrical. On an almost naked body, you can sometimes see the villi, the head capsule is the most dense and dark.
The head is quadrangular in shape, slightly narrowed in front. It has a mustache consisting of three segments. In front are strong mandibles, consisting of the upper and lower jaws.Wireworm larvae
Each larva has six paws, equally developed. Body can be painted in light yellow colormeet and dark brown instances.
What plants are affected by a pest
Most often the pest dwells on fields with root vegetables, but its reproduction occurs on any site that has vegetation. The favorite places of the parasite are:
Ways to fight the beetle in the garden
The method is chosen based on the number of insects and the wishes of the gardener himself.
The use of special drugs
Way the most reliableapplied frequently. Chemicals have a high level of efficiency, are easy to apply, and give good results.
It is necessary to apply them in strict accordance with the instructions, in order not to infect the fruit and not to poison yourself:
- Prestige - 10 ml of the drug is diluted in a bucket of water. The tool should be shed beds intended for planting potatoes and other vegetables. Dropping flowers, they must be watered. The chemical is completely dissolved in the soil in fifty days, it does not pose a danger to health;
- Aktara - used for planting, processing the upper soil layers. Four grams of a chemical agent is diluted with ten liters of water. The mixture is poured into the wells, prepared for potatoes. The diluted amount is enough for one hundred squares of area;
- Taboo - recommended for processing potato tubers, used only when planting. A cost-effective means, 10 ml of the drug are needed for a half liter of water.
Using folk methods
Recommended alternate landing potatoes and buckwheat, peas and beans, since the beetle will not feed on these plants.
Using slaked lime, eggshell, chalk, wood and mineral fertilizer ashes reduce acidity in the soil.
When planting potatoes near each tuber, dig up a handful of onion peels. In the same way you can use mustard powder.
One of the old methods of dealing with a worm is bait. In late spring, you need to prepare a few holes, laying in them last year's grass, flooded with water. Pits are covered with plywood, and in a few days they will be full of pests. Grass needs to be burned and repeated again.
The same method can be used to fight the beetle and its larvae in the autumn, using dung instead of weeds.Wire bait
Preventive methods for the appearance of wireworm on plants
It is necessary to destroy weeds in a timely manner, follow the rules of crop rotation, dig up the land in the beds twice a year. Potato patches recommended thin out legumes.
Remember that attention should be paid not only to potatoes, but also to other vegetable crops, in the struggle to use complex methods. This is the only way to protect your crop and completely destroy the click on the plot. Sometimes it takes several years.