When planning beds in the garden, it is important to consider the compatibility of vegetable crops. Gardeners more than once had to deal with the problem of low yields in the absence of any preconditions for this. And the reason may be banal - an uncomfortable neighborhood, so you need to know what can be planted with what and what is not.
Compatibility and proximity of plants and vegetables in the garden
This article reveals all the secrets of garden gardening, because the growth and development of both crops depends on which plant is planted in the immediate vicinity, and that their fruiting is important.
When disembarking, taking into account the compatibility is quite realistic increase yield by 15-20%. Particular attention should be paid to the selection of a neighbor when placing on the same bed or in the greenhouse of several types of vegetables.
Approximately the same growing conditions facilitate the care of shoots:
- light intensity;
- watering mode;
- soil preparation for planting;
- the introduction of dressings.
If you plant bad neighbors - it is fraught with the following consequences:
- attracting insects that create a lot of problems to young shoots;
- lesion of fungal infection as a result of waterlogging;
- negative impact of waste products, as a result of which the neighbor develops poorly or stops growing.
Experienced gardeners use invaluable knowledge in practice, annually observing the interaction of a number of planted plants.
What can be planted next to potatoes
One of the most popular vegetables on the list main products for winter harvesting. Before its landing, predecessors are taken into account.
The best are:
Not worth it use the same plot annually, get a good harvest with such a plan does not work. Also, low rates of fruit bearing potatoes are noted if placed on a former tomato garden.
Regarding the neighbors, the plant exhibits more tolerance than mutually beneficial consolidation. The best compatibility is noted only with beans.
A little does not like to be friends with a vegetable with cucumbers, onion seeds, tomatoes and cabbage. And certainly you should not place potatoes nearby: peas, beets and celery. With the rest of the plants root vegetable gets on normally.
Favorable place for the growth of tomatoes are the areas on which the following crops were previously grown:
Among the worst predecessors: potatoes, peas and zucchini. According to the rules of crop rotation, planting vegetables at the same place is made 3-4 years latertherefore it is not necessary to use the former tomato bed under tomato seedlings.For tomatoes well suited to neighbors pepper
When choosing a neighbor for tomatoes is taken into account plant tendency to late blight. This fact excludes the proximity of tall crops, in particular potatoes, which is also able to “share” the Colorado potato beetle and other pests.
Companions are recommended to choose:
- onions and other green vegetables.
There is no negative impact on the tomatoes from the adjacent beds with parsnips, strawberries, kohlrabi, lettuce, spinach.
Planting peppers with other vegetables
When planting pepper should take into account the belonging of its varietal feature. Sweet, Bulgarian and bitter varieties are placed separately against each other to avoid cross-pollination. Of the predecessors are more suitable:
- cabbage (early varieties);
- wheat (winter);
- perennial herbs.
Not worth it choose areas after potatoes, eggplant, tomatoes and physalis. When grown on the planned bed of other plants, there are no strict restrictions under the pepper.
Have a bed of peppers can near such cultures:
Soil environment is more suitable for growing greens. after cabbage and tomatoes. And the predecessors of the pumpkin crop family are the most undesirable.
The yield of cucumbers has a positive effect. dilltherefore, it is taken not only as a companion, but also sown interspersed.
Favorable influence on the development of crisps have: onions, beans, peas, garlic, spinach. Calendula, placed in the aisle, will create a reliable protection against insects that feed on young cucumber foliage.Dill has a positive effect on the yield of cucumbers
From the neighborhood with potatoes, radishes and tomatoes recommended refuse, plants have a negative effect on each other.
Cabbage plantation plan after peas, beans, cucumbers. Do not spoil the soil environment: pepper, carrot and greens. And fodder beet and other representatives of cruciferous cultures are considered to be bad predecessors.
Cabbage neighborhood is easy to find, for close surroundings fit many plants:
Allowed planting of flowers and herbs: oregano, chamomile, nasturtium, mint, etc. Will not fit in the role of companions strawberries and tomatoes.
Good neighbors for carrots in the garden
When choosing a place for sowing carrots, the following predecessors are preferred:
Experienced gardeners notice that after zucchini, celery, parsnip and parsley is obtained bad harvest carrots, a root crop develops poorly, as if it lacks nutrients (although top dressing is introduced according to the schedule).
Carrot beds should be planned in close proximity from such cultures:
In the aisle you can land sage, marigold and scorzonera to repel pests.
Unfavorable Neighborhood celebrated with beets, beans and dill. With other plants, carrots get along without any problems.
All favorite zucchini bear fruit well on the soil after legumes and cabbage of early varieties. Do not spoil the structure of the soil and the environment: greens, onions, garlic.
And such predecessors as carrots, tomatoes and cabbage of late maturity are considered most unfortunate.
Squashes (squash) can be planted next to such plants:
Landing rules pumpkins in many ways similar to zucchini, they have the same recommended predecessors. However, the neighborhood is slightly extended, you can add tomatoes, radishes and sunflowers.
Pumpkin culture cannot stand only potatoes. With other plants get along well.
Beet sowing can do on the former beds:
The root crop after sideratov well develops. In addition, after such a change in layout, a decrease in weed growth is noted.Beets and onions - good neighborhood
For beets, you can safely settle: cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, onions. To scare away insects between the rows, you can land a catnip, mint, oregano.
Not recommended choose such plants as companions:
Growing in the garden with other neighbors of special alarms does not cause.
Next to plant strawberries in the open field.
Strawberry culture does not show capriciousness to the soil environment, so the difficulty of choosing a place for planting young shoots will not. Useful predecessors for strawberries are:
- dill and others
Refusing to use the plot for strawberries is worth it if previously cultivated:
- tomatoes, pepper;
Setting up vegetable beds, as neighbors for strawberries it is recommended to choose:
What crops are suitable for the neighborhood with eggplant
Choosing a place for planting eggplant, preference should be given to such predecessors: onions, cucumbers, cabbage of early terms of ripening, perennial herbs.
From the former beds with potatoes, tomatoes, Physalis and pepper better to give up. You must also follow the rules of crop rotation, it is impossible to place and grow a culture in the same place every year (the interval is not less than 3 years).
When planning beds with eggplants can pick up companions:
A representative of the Solanaceous family gets along quite well with the rest of the neighbors. There are no special restrictions on combining the blue ones.
Peas and beans
The best predecessors for peas and beans, root vegetables, cabbage, and the pumpkin family are considered. Themselves legumes create the most favorable environment in the soil during growth, so after them you can grow almost everything.
Not worth it to organize a bed after sunflower, the quality and yield are significantly reduced due to the defeat of fungal infections and the infestation of the palm.
When selecting companions, first of all, the proximity between each other (peas and beans) is excluded. This is caused by several factors:
- attraction of pests;
- interlacing stalks among themselves;
- the possibility of cross-pollination.
The most suitable for proximity are:
Selecting precursors for greens (onions on the feather, dill, parsley, garlic, cilantro), should be given preference to legumes, vegetable roots.
Not recommended plant greens after umbrella crops, plant affinity indicates their equal nutrient requirements. Because of this, with each year yields will decline significantly.
Close to greening can be placed beds with cabbage, kohlrabi, cucumbers, strawberries, peppers and other green vegetables. They are definitely not suitable for joint cultivation: carrots, parsnips, tomatoes. The neighborhood of greens with early grades of a potato and representatives of bean cultures is allowed.
Gardener's diary is useful to supplement the table of compatibility of crops grown on your site.Site crop compatibility table
In red indicated by the incompatibility of cultures, green - the most favorable neighborhood for development and fruiting. Colorless window testifies to the neutrality of the interaction between plants, which does not exclude their neighborhood in the garden.
There is absolutely no difficulty in planning the beds if everything is thought out in advance. Autumn tillage should be carried out taking into account the agrotechnics of those vegetables and berries that will be grown on it in the next season.