At first, asparagus beans did not spread in the garden areas of amateurs. But it is completely in vain. Over time, people realized that tender pods of this sort can be used more in cooking than simple ones. Although its ripe fruits are more rigid, but the pods do not contain parchment partitions and solid fibers. That is why the whole pod can be eaten.
Description and characteristics of asparagus beans
This bean owes its name to asparagus, which the ready-made pods resemble in taste. But the biological relationship of asparagus beans is very similar to the ordinary. Their main difference is the absence of fibers and solid film inside. Externally, they can be distinguished by the shape of the pods. In asparagus varieties they have a narrower and longer form. Asparagus varieties include a separate species called Vigna.
In the northern terrain, legumes are grown through seedlings. In the south, on the contrary, you can have time to grow two, and sometimes even three harvests per season.
There are three main types of asparagus beans:
Shades of pods also differ in different varieties:
South and Central America is considered the birthplace of green beans. Since ancient times, the inhabitants of these regions have been aware of the miraculous properties of asparagus beans. Even the ancient Romans used this plant for cosmetic purposes. In Europe, this plant came in the 16th century. In Russia, it was originally used to decorate gardens and flower beds. They began to eat food only after a couple of centuries.
Asparagus beans already has a huge number of varieties. Some of them have become real favorites of domestic gardeners. These include:
- Snow Maiden;
- oil king.
TurkВкусовые качества отменные, урожайность высокая.
Технология и схема посадки семя овощной культуры в открытый грунт
How to plant this legume culture at your dacha? Beans are quite a heat-loving plant, it does not tolerate frosts. When the temperature drops to +10 degrees, the plant stops growing, and with even the most minimal frosts it just dies. For planting should try to pick loose, well-drained soil. Pre-organic fertilizer can be applied.
If the soil in the area is poorly fertile sandy, then nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring (for example, ammonium nitrate 20-30 g / m2).
After the beans of the asparagus bean rose, taking care of it is watering, loosening and weeding, fertilizing and pest control.
If after landing there is a threat of night frost, then the crop should be covered with a film or a special material. A month after the emergence of shoots need to conduct the first feeding with nitrogen fertilizers. This procedure is especially important in dry weather. In case of insufficient content of organic matter in the soil, complex fertilizers can also be applied.
During the period of the ovary of the pods, it will be appropriate to apply potash-phosphorus fertilizers. For climbing beans, it is advisable to build supports. If the variety you choose is also different in its beautiful flowering, you can use it as a decorative one.
As a rule, the pods of asparagus beans are harvested, preventing their maturity. That is why it is very important not to miss the moment of collection. This is best done a couple of weeks after the appearance of the ovary. It is during this period that the nutrient supply is greatest, the pods are soft and tasty, and the grains are small. When the pods are removed, the plant begins a new wave of flowering and continues to tie the pods. This method of harvesting allows you to harvest until the frost.
- Frozen Asparagus Beans
- Canned Green Beans
Usually, the harvest is consumed both fresh, and canned, frozen. Collected pods can also be stored for a short time in a cool and dark place. However, after a week they will begin to become rude and lose their commodity qualities. That is why it is better to use freezers for storage for a longer period.
Asparagus beans are valued not only as a component of culinary dishes, but also as an ornamental plant. In addition, it enriches the soil with nutrients and nitrogen, which is also important. In cultivation, this crop is not capricious, and harvesting is very simple. Useful properties of beans were used in very old times, some recipes have survived to our days.