Kishmish 342 today is very popular. Its main distinguishing feature, the absence of seeds in the fruit. The plant does not impose special requirements for care, berries differ excellent taste data and aesthetic appearance. Further more description and characteristics of the variety.
Kishmish grape variety description 342
The plant is obliged by its origin to Hungarian selection specialists. Fruit ripening starts early; no more than four months pass from the dissolution of the buds to the first harvest. Kishmish consumed fresh, dried raisins from it. The average weight of a bunch is four hundred to six hundred grams.
Grapes can be stored fresh in the refrigerator.
The crop yield is high, from each bush you can get from twenty to twenty-five kilograms of berries. Fruiting is stable, but overexposed clusters on a plant should not be kept.Raspberry grape variety 342 on a bush
Fruits perfectly tolerate transportation, preserving their taste and appearance. The variety is recommended even for baby food.
Culture has a strong power to grow shoots. To cover them before the start of the winter season, you have to work hard, because the vines have good elasticity.
Characteristics of berries
Fruits are smallish, rounded forms, the average weight ranges from two to three grams. The skin is light, yellow, under the sun gets a tan. It is rather thin and tender, it is not even felt during the meal.
The flesh is elastic, the taste is sweet, with small notes of muscat. The sugar content is nineteen to twenty one percent.Raschishis 342 berries close-up versus matchbox
Advantages and disadvantages
Grape plant has a lot of useful qualities, which include:
- fast saturability occurs;
- strengthens the immune system;
- toxic accumulations are removed from the body;
- development of thrombophlebitis is excluded;
- creates a good anti-aging effect;
- increased hemoglobin in the blood;
- decreases the risk of atherosclerosis.
Fruits tolerate transportation and are well preserved.
With all the advantages, there are negative points:
- do not eat grapes to yazvennikam;
- It is contraindicated for use by patients with pancreatitis and suffering from diseases of the gallbladder;
- the sugar content is so high that berries should not be eaten by diabetics;
- After eating the berries, rinse your mouth with clean water to avoid negative effects on the enamel coating of the teeth.
First you need to decide on the landing site. It should be well illuminated by sunlight, located along the wall of the capital structure, to be protected from drafts. When planting it is recommended to adhere to the scheme 1 by 4 meters.
The planting of seedlings is carried out from the middle to the end of the spring season, when the weather is warm.
The pit for planting is prepared up to seventy centimeters deep, about eighty in circumference. At the bottom of the drainage is arranged, piled sand cushion, fit a layer of sod land and humus. Be sure to install the support peg. Now you can place a seedling, sprinkling its root system with earth. Planting is completed by watering, which will require at least twenty liters of water. Tall seedlings are pruned to the second peephole.Only planted raisin grape seedling 342
Care for a young and mature vine
In the future, the vine crop will require irrigation, loosening of the upper layer of the earth, removal of weeds, the introduction of fertilizer compositions, preventive treatment.
Three months after planting, the top of the plant is pinched.
There are no special requirements for cultivation. Every year, pruning is done for six to ten eyes to keep compact forms of the bush. To increase the level of yield, it is recommended to use a special drug Gibberellin.
Benefit brings mulching soil.First harvest on a three-year-old vine
Grape cuttings root perfectly. In addition, grapes can be propagated by vaccinations.
Diseases and pests
To protect plants from various diseases, it is necessary to regularly organize preventive treatments. Due to the rapid ripening of berries, this grape variety is almost not exposed to oidium disease.
Bordeaux liquid, which is sprayed with bushes in April, is excellent as a protective agent.
In addition, pruning perfectly helps to avoid most diseases. Dangerous for the plant wasps and hornets. To protect your crop, it is advised to use different traps and spraying.
Another option is to envelop the clusters with gauze. But at the same time there is a danger of rotting the berries.The worst enemy of the variety - May beetle
Harvest damage and may beetles. To protect the culture from them, in the autumn it is necessary to dig the ground around the vines. Only care should be taken not to damage the root system of the bushes. Simultaneously with digging, it is possible to treat the soil with insecticidal agents. They help with the attack of the tick. It is fraught with danger and leafworm. The butterflies themselves do not cause harm, but their caterpillars can destroy almost the entire vineyard. As a preventive measure, it is necessary in the summer to spray chemical preparations.
The plant is suitable for cultivation even in those areas where the cultivation of grape varieties is initially considered a matter of rather troublesome and risky. Its seedless berries with early ripening periods are worthy of close attention from gardeners in the middle belt regions.