Cow manure is the most common, environmentally friendly organic fertilizer. The popularity of its use due to the availability and versatility of this material, it is important to know how to use it in the country or garden.
The benefits of cow dung
Adding cow dung to the soil formation of the fertile layer. In contrast to the use of mineral fertilizers, the use of organic leads to the accumulation of useful elements by the earth.
Periodic feeding with mullein-based fertilizers favorably affects growth and fruiting garden plants. In addition, enriched soil increases the ability to aerate, which favorably affects the development of the root system of plants.
One kilogram of mullein has the following biological composition:
- Nitrogen (3.5 g.)
- Calcium oxide (2.9 gr.)
- Phosphorus oxide (3 gr.)
- Potassium Oxide (1.4 g.)
Indicators of beneficial chemicals slightly vary depending on the age and quality of the animal's food.
Almost all garden plantings - fruit, berry, vegetable crops - respond favorably to dressing using cow dung. However, each crop has its own requirements for the method of fertilizer application.Almost all garden plantings favorably respond to the introduction of manure
In this regard, it applies:
- as a dry substrate
- in granules
Eating fresh in its purest form undesirable. This is due to the high concentration of ammonia, detrimental effect on the state of the root system of the plant. Therefore, on the basis of fresh material is prepared solutionconsisting of manure and water in the proportions of the plant culture.
In the spring, the so-called “warm beds". Erected with a height of about a meter, the bed is able to develop internal heating to a temperature of 55 degrees. This property affects the early rooting and the favorable development of culture in the conditions of spring frosts.
The state of the humus is reached after 1.5 - 2 years storage. The rotted mullein has a loose structure, without the presence of moisture and odor. This is the most convenient form of use of cow dung.
The value of the method lies in the possibility of planting the plant in the ground immediately after fertilization. In addition, due to the structure of the material significantly reduces its consumption.
Liquid manure is made from fresh excrement and water. The method allows you to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia, as well as the eggs of parasites that make up the biological material.
Feeding is carried out radical watering diluted infusion mullein Also, a weak solution is used in spraying weakened plants.
Manure in granules is a material subjected to biological treatment and pressing. Due to its structure, it is able to saturate the soil at a measured pace. throughout the season.
When it comes into contact with water, it swells up, and then gives away the acquired moisture to the soil, helping to maintain the moisture level for a long time during the dry season. It is used as a top dressing during spring planting of plants, as well as fertilizer applied for autumn digging.
When fertilizer cannot be applied
Fresh unsuitable for fertilizing plants. The decomposition of the components of feces is accompanied by many chemical reactions that have a detrimental effect on their root system. In addition, parasite eggs in fresh manure pose a great danger to human health.
If the material has visually noticeable white patches, this means the presence of fungal spores. Proper storage of manure in order to obtain humus will eventually destroy this problem. However, for the construction of "warm beds" such material is no longer suitable.White plaque on the manure indicates the presence of spores in it
Some cultures have such dressing suffer badly. To such plants can be attributed radishes, carrots, celery, beets, parsley. Planting this row of plants into the soil that was subjected to manure a year or two ago is considered favorable.
How to make self-feeding
Given the availability of the source material, to produce fertilizer with your own hands is not difficult.
To obtain high-quality humus, it is necessary to prepare a crate, or a pit for the proper storage of manure. Main condition - providing protection from rain and direct sunlight.
The box is covered with roofing material or other waterproof material. To speed up the process of producing humus several times a season, the layers are turned over with forks. The ripening period of humus is one and a half - two years.The ripening period of humus is 1.5-2 years
Fast and efficient manufacturing method - fresh manure infusion. It is made by pouring the material with water, in a 1: 1 ratio.
The resulting liquid is stored in a closed container, preferably in the shade. To enhance the effect of fermentation, the solution can be stirred regularly. Fermentation helps to reduce the amount of ammonia, the destruction of parasite eggs and spores of the fungus. Fertilizer is ready for use after a week.
In the face of increasing consumer demand for organic food, manufacturers refuse mineral fertilizers, making a choice in favor of organic. The use of cow manure in the cultivation of farms and household plots is not only effective, but also a safe method of obtaining high-quality yield.